Light interventions and sleep, circadian, behavioral, and psychological disturbances in dementia: A systematic review of methods and outcomes.
Gunnhild J. Hjetland, Ståle Pallesen, Eirunn Thun, Eirin Kolberg, Inger Hilde Nordhus, Elisabeth Flo
Studien er publisert i Sleep Medicine Reviews
Dementia is a devastating disease with a global impact, and there is an urgent need for effective interventions to alleviate the accompanying disturbances in behavior, mood, sleep, and circadian rhythms. Bright light treatment (BLT) is a promising non-pharmacological intervention; however, studies have yielded conflicting results. This systematic review provides a comprehensive overview of the effect of BLT in dementia, with a specific focus on how study characteristics might have affected the available results. The included studies were small and comprised time-limited interventions and follow-ups. Light values, adherence to treatment, and time of year were not consistently reported. Varying designs, methods, and population characteristics such as age, gender, dementia diagnosis, circadian phase, and baseline symptoms may have moderated the outcomes and affected review results. The use of crossover designs and too high illumination as placebo lights might have nullified positive effects of BLT. Because some studies had negative outcomes after ambient BLT with high amounts of short wavelengths, more modest light levels should be further investigated. Employing rigorous designs and detailed reporting of intervention characteristics, i.e., the illumination, correlated color temperature, timing, and duration of light utilized, are of utmost importance to establish the optimal treatment approach in this population