, Børge Sivertsen, Øystein Vedaa, Knut Langsrud, Daniel Vethe, Patrick M Faaland, Cecilie L Vestergaard, Stian Lydersen, Otto R F Smith, Jan Scott, Håvard Kallestad
Studien er publisert i Behaviour Research and Therapy
Study objectives: Cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBT-I) is a well-established treatment for insomnia, but few studies have explored its impact on work and activity impairment.
Methods: Data stem from 1721 participants enrolled in a randomized controlled trial comparing the efficacy of digital CBT-I compared with Patient Education. Baseline and 6-month follow-up assessments included self-reported ratings of presenteeism and general impairment (Work Productivity and Activity Impairment Questionnaire), and absenteeism (hours of missed work) and employment status. Insomnia was measured using the Insomnia Severity Index (ISI). Mediation analyses were conducted for each outcome with ISI scores at baseline and 9-week follow-up as the mediator. The analyses were adjusted for potential confounders (e.g., sex, age, comorbidities).
Results: dCBT-I was found to be associated with reduced activity impairment compared with PE (by 5.6%) but not presenteeism, absenteeism, or changes in employment status. Mediation analysis showed that changes in insomnia severity largely mediated improvements in presenteeism (by 5.4%) and activity impairment (by 5.5%). There were no significant mediational effects on absenteeism or employment status.
Conclusions: This study shows that dCBT-I is not only effective in improving insomnia. But also demonstrates positive effects on work and daily activities in general, supporting the need for increased access to dCBT-I.