Studien er publisert i Journal of Sleep Research
The present study estimated the frequency of using methods or tricks to fall asleep in the general Norwegian population. Further, people with chronic insomnia were compared with people without chronic insomnia. A representative sample of 1028 participants aged 18 years or older completed a web-based survey. The response rate was 33.5%. Insomnia symptoms were assessed with the validated Bergen Insomnia Scale, and chronic insomnia based on ICSD-3/DSM-5 criteria. Data were analysed with chi-square tests and logistic regression with adjustment for sex, age, education, and circadian preference. The results showed that 34.3% reported using a method or a trick to fall asleep, with relaxation exercises/breathing exercises being the most common. More females (39.5%) compared with males (29.1%) reported the use of a method/trick to fall asleep with an adjusted odds ratio (aOR) of 1.44. Chronic insomnia was reported by 24.9%, and clearly associated with higher use of such methods/tricks (53.7%; aOR = 3.49). Among the participants without chronic insomnia, 28.1% reported using methods/tricks to fall asleep. In conclusion, most people do not use methods or tricks to fall asleep, but chronic insomnia was associated with a higher frequency of such use. Still, since methods/tricks were also used by some participants without chronic insomnia, this may suggest that, for some people, this strategy may be effective or at least does not seem to disrupt the sleep onset process.